ADHD stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, it is a complex misunderstood neurodevelopmental disorder, meaning that the symptoms of the disorder must occur in childhood. It is the most commonly diagnosed mental disorder of children. Teens with ADHD may be hyperactive and unable to control their impulses. Or they may have trouble paying attention. These behaviors interfere with school and home life.
It’s more common in boys than in girls. It’s usually discovered during early schooling when a child begins to have problems paying attention in his/her studies.
Adults with ADHD may have trouble managing their time, being organized, concentrate on their goals, and holding a job down. They may also have problems with relationships, self-esteem, and their addictions, and other potentially unusual types of behaviors.
- Lack of focus or hyperfocus
- Poor attention to detail
- Difficulty planning or prioritizing
- Poor time management
- Problems completing tasks
- Extreme emotionality and rejection sensitivity
- Low frustration tolerance
- Social failures and relationship problems
- Executive dysfunction
There are three subtypes of ADHD:
• Predominantly hyperactive subtype: The presentation of a child is primarily one of the issues with hyperactivity and impulsivity and few issues with inattention.
• Predominantly inattentive subtype: The presentation of a child is primarily one of the issues with attention and concentration, and not with hyperactive behaviour or impulsivity.
• Combined subtype: The presentation consists of significant issues with hyperactivity, impulsivity, attention and concentration. This is what most people think of when they think of ADHD, but it is one of three different subtypes of a very heterogeneous disorder.
Make an appointment with at HIDP. Our doctors will arrange a check-up including vision and hearing, to be sure something else is not causing the symptoms. Or you need a psychologist or psychiatrist for your problem. To diagnose ADHD, doctors start by asking about your behaviour, and activity. They maybe talk to your parents about the things they have noticed. After gathering a certain amount of information, doctors diagnose ADHD if it’s clear that:
• Your hyperactivity, distractibility, or impulsivity go beyond what’s usual for their age.
• Above mentioned kind of behaviour have been going on since the child was young.
• Hyperactivity, distractibility, and impulsivity affect the child at school and at home.
Many adults with ADHD also have learning problems, oppositional and defiant behaviours, or mood and anxiety problems. At HIDP,doctors usually treat these along with the ADHD.
Treatment for ADHD at HIDP usually includes:-
• Medicine: It slows down the brain and use more self-control and activates the brain’s ability to pay more attention.
• Behaviour therapy: Therapists can help a child to develop the social, emotional, and planning skills that are lacking with ADHD.
• Parents coaching: Parents should learn the best ways to respond to behaviour difficulties that are a part of ADHD.
• School support: Teachers can help low-esteem children having a problem with ADHD to do well and enjoy school more.
The right treatment helps ADHD improve. Parents and teachers can teach younger kids to get better at managing their attention, behaviour and emotions.
Can a person have ADHD without being hyperactive?
Contrary to popular myth, an individual can have ADHD and not be hyperactive. This type of ADHD is diagnosed as ADHD, Primarily Inattentive.
Does ADHD have different degrees of severity?
Yes. Some people who have ADHD symptoms are affected only mildly. Others are literally homeless because they can’t keep a job, they have substance-abuse problems or addictions, or they have other visible signs of untreated ADHD. When diagnosed, ADHD now often carries a classification of mild, moderate, or severe.
I’m an adult; doesn’t ADHD only affect children?
No. Approximately 10 million adults have attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). About one-third of children with ADHD continue to meet the criteria for an ADHD diagnosis as adults. In early adulthood, ADHD may be associated with depression, mood or conduct disorders and substance abuse. Adults with ADHD often cope with difficulties at work and in their personal and family lives related to ADHD symptoms. Many have inconsistent performance at work or in their careers; have difficulties with day-to-day responsibilities; experience relationship problems; and may have chronic feelings of frustration, guilt or blame.