Schizo means split and Frenia; in this case refers to the mind, Schizophrenia describes a scattered or a fragmented pattern of thinking. Schizophrenia is actually a syndrome meaning there are all sorts of symptoms that might be associated with it and different patients might experience different symptoms although the symptoms can be broadly categorized into three major areas:-
3. Disorganized speech
4. Disorganised behaviour
5. Catatonic behaviour
1. Removal of normal processes
2. Decrease in emotions
3. Loss of interest
4. Inappropriate response
5. Decrease in motivation
1. Difficulty in learning and understanding
2. Hard to memorize things
3. Hard to notice what’s happening around
People with schizophrenia disorder appear to cycle through 3 phases.
• Prodromal phase
• Active phase
• Residual phase
They goes through these phases but typically in order, during the Prodromal phase patients might become withdrawn and spend most of their time alone and a lot of times this seems similar to other mental disorders like depression or anxiety disorders. During the active phase patients experience more severe symptoms like delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, disorganized behavior or catatonic behavior.
What causes Schizophrenia?
No one knows the exact cause of schizophrenia, but it seems to involve a combination of both genetic and environmental factors. People with a family history of schizophrenia are more likely to develop the illness. Experts think that changes in brain chemicals, exposure to viruses or environmental toxins in the womb (before birth) and complications during birth may also play a role.
How to treat Schizophrenia?
There is presently no cure for schizophrenic disorder, but with appropriate and ongoing treatment, many people with the illness can live productive and rewarding lives.
It is important to start treatment as early as possible – experts have found that the sooner a person gets help for their symptoms, the better the chances are of receiving effective treatment.
Schizophrenia could be chronic (ongoing) condition that typically needs long treatment, even when symptoms are controlled.A person with schizophrenia will usually be cared for by a team of health professionals at HIDP.
At Healers Institute of Deaddiction and Psychiatry , our main is to cut out or to eliminate the symptoms of schizophrenia, and to help the person to function as well as they can. Antipsychotic medicines can reduce or eliminate the symptoms of schizophrenia, and reduce the risk of relapse once symptoms are controlled. They can be taken as a tablet or via injection.Everyone responds differently to antipsychotic medication. That is why it is important for people with schizophrenia and their families to work in close partnership with our professionals at HIDP to work out the best medicine for them.
Psychological Therapy and Support
At HIDP our professionals play a key role in treatment of Schizophrenic Psychosis. We can provide counselling and organised community support for people with schizophrenia and their families. We will help the person and their family to navigate the healthcare system and find the right services. At HIDP we help the person to develop skills to look after themselves, interact with other people and function as well as they can in society.
AT WHAT AGE DO THE SYMPTOMS OF SCHIZOPHRENIA APPEAR?
Schizophrenia affects men and women equally. It occurs at similar rates in all ethnic groups around the world. Symptoms such as hallucinations and delusions usually start between ages 16 and 30.Men tend to experience symptoms earlier than women. Most of the time, people do not get schizophrenia after age 45. Schizophrenia rarely occurs in children, but awareness of childhood-onset schizophrenia is increasing.It can be difficult to diagnose schizophrenia in teens. This is because the first signs can include a change of friends, a drop in grades, sleep problems and irritability — behaviors that are common among teens.
Do all individuals with Schizophrenia have ‘split personality’?
No, not all individuals with schizophrenia have ‘split personality.’ Yes, some individuals with Schizophrenia may have a Dissociate Identity Disorder (DID) or ‘split personality’ as a primary or secondary disability, however not all individuals with Schizophrenia suffer from DID.
What are the symptom differences between schizophrenia and bipolar disorder?
Persons with schizophrenia and related disorders can show loss of touch with reality. Symptoms of schizophrenia include hearing voices and fixed false beliefs (hallucinations and delusions). However, patients with bipolar disorder are always experiencing a mood disturbance, either depression or mania, at the same time as these symptoms.